Alpacas are prey animals. Their only defenses are running, kicking, and
spitting. Depending on the area you live in you will have your own
variety of predators such as mountain lions,
coyotes, wolves, and the domesticated dog. Worse yet place a couple of domesticated dogs, now a pack, and entire
herds can be wiped out. When owning alpacas you need to take measures to
keeping them safe.
Dogs: such as Maremmas, Pyrenees, Anatolians, Komondors, and the
Kuvasz have livestock protection instinct. They differ from herding
dogs in that their instinct is to protect.
Donkeys: investigate disturbances within the herd or flock and will pursue predators or intruders if they detect them.
Llamas: have an instinctive guarding
responsibility when placed within a herd of alpacas.